Supranational institutions, a re- sult of the European integration processes, are explained as securing the interests of the member states through common institutions and, through that, gaining more security about how other states will act in the anarchical world 9. Firstly, as discussed above, intergovernmental agreement for integration will not occur in areas of high politics, as this would encroach on state sovereignty too much. In order to overcome this the three big states form issue specific coalitions to convince the other, the resulting agreement however will remain to be based on the lowest common denominator Moravcsik, This theoretical framework conflicts with the step based, economically, state focused ap- proach of Moravcsik. After this intergovernmental process of bargaining there appears to be a tendency to form supranational bodies in order to control the execution of the negotiated agreements. Firstly, LIG draws from a traditional rationalist regime analysis the main actors are nation state governments.

Moravcsik applies a functional regime the- ory to research this question for the varying treaties. According to the author these are the most influential coun- tries in the integration process, and therefore explanatory enough to validate his approach. The Political System of the European Union. Instead of focusing on the process as a whole, he laid em- phasis on the interstate bargaining moments, here in refuting the supranational influence within the competing paradigm. These two paradigms see this entrepreneur as a necessity for efficient interstate bar- gaining, granting them information and expertise not available for the states themselves. Master in European Governance University of Luxembourg! The final part of explaining integration is to account for the resulting choices of institutions.

Liberal Intergovernmentalism

The research of Moravcsik reveals that in half of the cases for Europe, geopolitical and ideological issues played an important role in the preference forma- tion as well.

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In order to fully cope with this question I will structure this essay the following: Hoffmann draws a distinction between what he terms high politics and low politics Although Risse claims that only LIG in difference to NF does not imply the EU as an organisation sui generis 17 I would argue that the basic assumptions of NF, as displayed above, could be transferred to partly explain other processes and dynamics of regional integration elsewhere, especially in the first phases of integration.


Moravcsik applies a functional regime the- ory to research this question for the varying treaties.

essay liberal intergovernmentalism

He also realised that the negotiations would imitate the power of the states taking part, and that states allowing supranational bodies to make decisions were attempting to ensure that all members would abide by these decisions.

The first step of analysis is the national preference formation in the negotiating actors states. This spatialisation of the research is created in order to use multiple theories to explain the varying subjects. The Logic of Two-Level Games. He goes deeper into the external validity comments, by arguing that he is not tempt- ing to produce one overarching theory for the integration process.

Even though Hoffmann takes interest groups into account, his key actors remained governments, bargaining for their national interest. Within the principal- agent discourse, it became run-away agent. In sum, both theories have partly succeeded in their aim to provide a universal the- ory for integration, as they have been the most important approaches at the early stages of theorizing, although in the later disciplinary development various weaknesses of both approaches are pointed out.

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EU Politics / Liberal Intergovernmentalism

Movaravcsik arrived at the conclusion that national interests were concurrent to economic interests, ignoring any political bias and that any choices in favour of Europe came from the national governments, not supranational governments. Schimmelfennig, K, and B Rittberger.

This is important where, as seen, states can agree to integration in an area that is not to their obvious benefit.

This theoretical framework conflicts with the step based, economically, state focused ap- proach of Moravcsik.

Liberal Intergovernmentalism Essay

Firstly, as they had gained the legal sovereignty of their country, and linked to this, that had legitimacy in the form of being the only elected officials in the integration process. I hereby acknowledge that I have read and understood the above definition of plagiarism. On the basis of five principal-agent theory elements he com- pares the ECJ with national judicial systems and the commission, arguing that the ECJ remains an agent which can be controlled by the principals.


On the basis librral these two assumptions Moravscik developed a three stage model to do research in international cooperation, with a specific theory for every stage. In the following essay I will begin by briefly lay out the main assumptions of the two approaches, drawing especially on their differences and similarities.

Neofunctionalism vs Liberal Intergovernmentalism

Both work with rational calculating actors, who are identified as the drivers of integration. These different views and varying emphasises within the integration process are causing a long term debate in the academic world.

essay liberal intergovernmentalism

Neofunctionalist critique Approaching the entire process of integration by five key moments is challenged by the pluralistic theory of Neofunctionalism. Insert image from URL Tip: These countries are subjected to a three stage research for every treaty negotiation, resulting in 15 sepa- rate researches.

essay liberal intergovernmentalism

The first element to consider is esay factors lead to the necessary impetus to embark on eesay European integration. Alternative approaches to European Integration. The main concept herein is spillover: Pages Images and files.

With the use of several theories it divides the research in three steps of negotiating; internal, external, and enforcement. Political, Social and Economic Forces To what extent are theories of international relations able to account for European integration? Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

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