HOMEWORK THE EVIDENCE BY SUSAN HALLAM
On balance it seems likely that children will still be asked to undertake homework, but schools must take the lead in redefining the homework agenda and putting student learning at its centre. Keith and Benson and May and Lynn found that students from Asian backgrounds spent more time on homework than students from other ethnic groups. Credit offered by NewDay Ltd, over 18s only, subject to status. MacBeath and Turner found that a range of factors affected pupils’ attitudes towards doing their homework including motivation, mood, well-being, family circumstances, the weather, and the quality and quantity of homework assigned. There was an increase in time spent on homework from early primary to upper secondary school but within this there was considerable variation from school to school, class to class, and teacher to teacher. Where pupils are grouped by ability homework is likely to be differentiated.
Ucl Ioe Press , – Education – pages. However, motivational patterns, particularly relating to responsibility and persistence, were significantly different between the high and low achievers. As pupils progressed through school the first of these was cited more frequently, the others less so. Further chapters explore different types of homework and their effects and teachers’, pupils’ and parents’ perspectives on homework. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. As pupils get older part-time work becomes an important activity competing with homework.
This suggests that students may benefit equally from involvement in a wide range of activities not only doing homework, although it may also be that students who become involved in many extracurricular activities are those who are already high attainers and simply seek out new challenges and activities. As pupils hallsm older part-time work becomes an important activity competing with homework.
Priscilla Alderson Limited preview – And teachers in the USA gave less emphasis to the importance of homework than their counterparts in the other countries. This response was the highest in the first two years of secondary school. These relationships held even when background factors were controlled for, eg gender, ethnicity, age and eligibility for free school meals. On balance it seems likely that children will still be asking to undertake homework, but schools must take the lead in redefining the homework agenda and putting student learning at its centre.
Exploring Beliefs, Principles and Practice Second These findings are supported by Patton et al This may be because the styles and approaches investigated are at a level which is too superficial. In Japan and China there is a much greater emphasis on the importance of effort in learning rather than ability. What is the evidence for the effectiveness of homework? Farrow et al also found that those pupils who reported doing most homework also showed the most positive attitudes towards the particular subject concerned.
In Scotland MacBeath and Turner found that in a typical evening primary pupils and their parents agreed that they had homework that took less than an hour.
Account Options Sign in. Warton demonstrated that older pupils hhomework more negative attitudes towards homework and gave different reasons for doing it while Cooper et al found that when greater amounts of homework were assigned by teachers they were associated with negative attitudes to homework among younger children aged but not older secondary students.
Institute of Education- Education – pages.
Pupils’ perspectives on homework | Education | The Guardian
There is evidence that there are positive relationships between attitudes towards homework and positive attitudes towards school Chen and Stevenson ; Keys et al ; Leung She then describes the findings of studies that compare homework with no homework or homework with supervised homework, and international and UK studies looking at the relationships between time spent on homework and attainment.
Keith et al found an indirect effect. While the advice usually given in relation to studying is to work in a quiet place where disturbance will be minimal, this advice is rarely taken and the evidence suggests that for some pupils it may be not only impossible but inappropriate.
Middle and low achievers all benefited from cooperative work, whereas high achievers did not, although they still maintained their top position in mathematics. The proportion enjoying it only sometimes increased from primary to secondary school, while the proportion of those always enjoying it declined from primary to secondary school.
Gender differences A number of studies have commented on homewlrk differences in relation to homework. These differences did not impact on achievement as rated by teachers.
Low achieving students often preferred to eat, drink and to move about while doing homework compared to their high achieving peers, while students who perceived their homework achievement level as high tended to prefer a well lit room and formal design and organisation of furniture.
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The final chapter considers the future of homework, including interventions to support pupils, and proposes a model providing a framework for thinking about homework. Pupils’ attitudes towards homework Pupils’ attitudes towards homework are often influenced by peer group and community factors Cooper a, b; Ulrich ; Murphy and DeckerReetz ; Miller and Kelley ; Pratt et al ; Chen and Stevenson The challenge for educators is to find ways of satisfying them.
Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Typically, there is disagreement about homework’s benefits. The final chapter considers the future of homework, including interventions to support pupils, and proposes a model providing a framework for thinking about homework. There’s a problem loading this menu at the moment. Younger and Warrington and Warrington et al reported that girls were more conscientious with regard to homework and produced work that was neat, well planned and showed evidence of effort.
At primary school, Farrow et al found that the amount of homework undertaken was related to cultural capital.