LITERATURE REVIEW OF LOWER BENUE TROUGH

Its lithostratigrahic pile includes sandstone, siltstone, shale and limestone occurrences, Reyment To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: You are commenting using your Facebook account. The third and last period is also found only in the south of the trough, and may be related to an isostatic response to the earlier crustal thinning. A middle Albian age was assigned to the group by Reyment on the basis of ammonites such as Oxytropidoceras hausa and Oxytropidoceras manuaniceras sp.

During the Late Early to Middle Cretaceous, the basin subsided rapidly and was covered by the sea. It is the present work should contribute towards a general and broad understanding of the geology of the Benue Trough. These folds, coupled with the identification of the igneous rock such as andesites in the Abakaliki area which led some workers to propose a compressional subduction rather than an extensional tectonic setting for the Benue trough Farrington ; Burke et al. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. By Frederick K Onu. Albian-Cenomanian; Turonian-Santonian and campano-Maastrichtian. These volcanic rocks are best exposed in the area round the interpretation of the different rock types encountered, to reconstruct and interpret their depositional environments and paleogrography by using the various lithofacies, their stratigraphic relationship, structures and sedimentological character and paleontology.

The trough is characterized by an uplifted basement block, flanked by deep basin containing about rview of sediments. Murat proposed three major tectonic phases which took place in Albian, Santonian and late Eocene or early Oligocene times. This site uses cookies. It is also the oldest dated sedimentary rock unit in southern Benue Trough Whiteman, The floor of the Basin is irregular and sediments thicknesses vary from place to place.

literature review of lower benue trough

The Campano-Maastrichtian experienced the third sedimentary cycle in this trough. You are commenting using your WordPress. An attempt is therefore made to assemble a review of the known geology of the Benue Trough in general and for the Lower and Middle Benue Trough in particular, based on the few published papers and on oral discussions with geologists and geophysicists interested in the area.

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Shortly after the break up of African and South America, a continental condition literaturs for the deposition of fluvio- deltaic sediment which occurred in the Albian age. The formation consists of bluish grey, well bedded shales.

Literature review of the lower benue trough

Its lithostratigrahic pile includes sandstone, siltstone, shale and limestone occurrences, Reyment You are commenting using your Facebook account. Previous The essay topic. Also to know the economic mineral potentials, hydrogeology, engineering geology and land use significance of the different rock types, minerals and geological features.

The first marine transgression in this trough occurred in the middle Albian age with the deposition of the Asu river group sediments with type locality along the banks of Asu River Reyment, It consist of dark shales and mudstone with occasional thin beds of sandy shales and sandstones.

This tectonic epirogenic event led to the uplift, folding and widespread erosion of the pre-santonian sediment in the trough. This site uses cookies. The detailed mapping includes the measurement of strikes and dip of the formation, azimuths of the fractures, descriptions of the rock unit and delineation of its contacts using lithologic difference; study of the rock type, sample collection and logging of the unit.

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Its origin is associated with the separation of the African and South American continents in the Early Cretaceous. Helena in the Atlantic ocean. Notify me of new comments via email. The faults extend into the ocean with the Chain and Charcot fault zones, and have their counterparts in northeastern Brazil. revieew

literature review of lower benue trough

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Literathre, the deep layer of vegetation became buried under coarse sands. Geological characterization and industrial potentials of some clay deposits litwrature Afikpo area, southeastern Nigerialiterature review of the powder Sedimentary Rocks, SandStone — Field Mapping Exercise By basin, oregon stream systems, water storage, and stream health as they pertain to the basin and water science us department of the literature review of the powder basin, oregon stream systems, water storage, and stream health as they pertain to the basin and water science us department of the Literature Review: The aptian sediment is presented by the Ogoja sandstones.

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However, research started with desk study, reviewing the literature of the area and reconnaissance survey to determine the accessible routes and revieew familiarize with the area.

literature review of lower benue trough

The first marine transgressive phase in the middle to late Albian resulted in the deposition of the Asu River Group sediment. Location[ edit ] Sketch map of Benue Trough The literaturr has its southern limit at the northern boundary of the Niger Deltawhere it dips down and is overlaid with Tertiary and more recent sediments.

These folds, coupled with the identification of the igneous rock such as andesites in the Abakaliki area which led some workers to propose a compressional subduction rather than an extensional tectonic setting for the Benue trough Farrington ; Burke et al. Only available on StudyMode 1. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

Notify me of new comments via email. The cretaceous stratigraphic record of the Southern Benue trough is represented by sediments deposited by three main marine depositional cycles:

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