LUTHERS 95TH THESIS
The same power that the Pope has over Purgatory, such has also every bishop in his diocese, and every curate in his parish. It is vain to trust in salvation by indulgence letters, even though the indulgence commissary, or even the pope, were to offer his soul as security. Those bishops, curates, and theologists, who allow such speeches to be uttered among the people, will have one day to answer for it. Thank you for your feedback. If to anybody complete remission of all penalties may be granted, it is certain that it is granted only to those most approaching perfection, that is, to very few. Xvii – Dennis Bratcher , ed.
Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere. Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope’s pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; The immediate cause of scandal in Germany in was the issue of an indulgence that was to pay for the rebuilding of St. Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiarum -The title comes from the Basel pamphlet printing. Views Read Edit View history. Johanne Chrysostomo edition.
Here is the full text of the 95 Theses. Luther spent his early years in relative anonymity as a monk and scholar. Therefore, 59th Holy Spirit, acting in the Pope, does well for us, when the latter in his decrees entirely removes the article of death and extreme necessity.
Indulgences are most pernicious because they induce complacency and thereby imperil salvation. Luther began to live the spartan and rigorous life of a monk but did not abandon his studies. The slogan attributed to the Dominican friar Johann Tetzel epitomized the sale of indulgences: At the encouragement of his father, he was determined to become a lawyer. Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam.
Luther’s 95 theses
Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis quam nullam habet sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. If theeis is at all possible to grant to anyone the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission could be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to very few.
The indulgences which the demagogues acclaim as the greatest graces are actually understood to be such only insofar as they promote gain. This word cannot be understood to mean the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, which 95tth administered by the priests. The imperfect piety and love of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and the smaller the love, the greater is the fear. The overall thrust of the document was nonetheless quite provocative.
Those persons are damned who think that letters of indulgence make them certain of salvation. Theais are to be taught that the pope does not intend that the buying of indulgences should in any way be compared with works of mercy.
InLuther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an imperial diet assembly. The pope can only announce God’s forgiveness of the guilt of sin in his name. Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church are luhers treasure, given by Christ’s merit.
Martin Luther 95 Theses: The Full Text
Christians should be taught, the Pope, as it is his bounden duty to do, is indeed also willing to outhers of his own money – and should St.
The Theses are written as propositions to be argued in a formal academic disputation though there is no evidence that such an event ever took place.
Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui lutherrs fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur. Those bishops, curates, and theologists, who allow such speeches to be uttered among the people, will have one day to answer for it.
But let him who guards against the lust and license of the indulgence preachers be blessed. Since no one knows whether a person is truly repentant, a letter assuring a person of his forgiveness is dangerous. Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum theesis deo sibi datam.
However, he had challenged the authority of the pope to offer the sale of indulgences. The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences [a] is a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in by Martin Lutherprofessor thwsis moral theology at the University of WittenbergGermany. It is a cautious and searching examination of the subject.
Luther later wrote that at the time he wrote the Theses he remained a ” papist “, and he did not seem to think the Theses represented a break with established Roman Catholic thesiis.
Retrieved from ” https: Luthdrs the theses the papal prerogative in this matter was not denied, though by implication papal policy was criticized. To think that the Popish pardons have power to absolve a man even if – to utter an impossibility – he had violated the Mother of God, is madness.
Therefore, the treasures of the Gospel are nets, with which, in times of yore, one fished for the men of Mammon. Much more it is his intention to disgrace and excommunicate those who, under the pretext of indulgences, use contrivance to do damage to holy love and truth.