Spilling hydrochloric acid while filling the burette. This can be due to insensitivity of the sensor or where thermal equilibrium at the endpoint is slow to occur. A properly designed experimental program is the most reliable way of determining the viability of a thermometric titration approach. This necessitates the use of the tetra-sodium salt of EDTA rather than the more common di-sodium salt which is saturated at a concentration of only approximately 0. Industrially, the procedure has been applied to the determination of sulfate in brine including electrolysis brines , in nickel refining solutions and particularly for sulfate in wet process phosphoric acid , where it has proven to be quite popular. If it is unfavourable, the endpoint will be rounded regardless of the magnitude of the enthalpy change.

Each group will need: From the graph find the volume of HCL that would produce the greatest temperature change in the plastic cup. The thermistor is encapsulated in a suitable electrically insulating medium with satisfactory heat transfer characteristics and acceptable chemical resistance. Potentiometrically-sensed titrations rely on a free energy change in the reaction system. Alternatively, a temperature sensor attached to a computer can be used in place of a thermometer.

This is illustrated in Figure 5. From Wikipedia, the theermometric encyclopedia. Repeat steps 1 to 5 until three results are repeatable in close agreement. The second titration is preceded by the automatic addition of fluoride solution.

The burette is marked in 0.

thermometric titration coursework

This can be due to insensitivity of the sensor or where thermal equilibrium at the endpoint is slow thsrmometric occur. This is best carried out individually or in pairs.


THERMOMETRIC TITRATION – A-Level Science – Marked by

Cousework, liquids and gases. For any reaction where the free energy is not opposed by the entropy change, the enthalpy change will be significantly greater than the free energy. The second derivative essentially locates the intersection of tangents to the temperature curve immediately pre- and post- the breakpoint.

thermometric titration coursework

Without delaythe mixture was stirred with the thermometer and the highest temperature reached was recorded. This titration is useful in the determination of fluoride in complex acid mixtures used as etchants in the semi-conductor industry.

Thermometric Titration

Retrieved from ” https: Representation of a thermometric titration curve for a reaction with a non-stoichiometric equilibrium. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

This volume of hydrochloric acid nuetralises 50cm3 of sodium hydroxide solution. Help Center Find new research papers in: Total volume of 5. Without delayanother 5. Misjudging the colour change could result in a random error. However, with slower reaction kinetics such as those exhibited by cobalt and nickel, back-titrations are used. The methodology is similar in both instances.

The mixture may at first change colour, and then back again when swirled.

Log In Sign Up. Redox reactions are normally strongly exothermic, and can make excellent candidates for thermometric titrations.


In the thermometric titration, titrant is added at a known constant rate to a titrand until the completion tnermometric the reaction is indicated by a change in temperature. The reaction of silver nitrate with chloride is strongly exothermic.

thermometric titration coursework

Please enable JavaScript to access the full features of the site or access our non-JavaScript page. A thermometric titration is one of a number of instrumental titration techniques where endpoints can be located accurately and precisely without a subjective interpretation on the part of the analyst as to their location.

Fill the burette with tiyration acid. Wear gloves and eye protection, and use a pipette filler.

(DOC) thermometric titration | Death Maru –

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Practical activity Titration There are a number of ways that you could carry out a titration in Chemistry.

Thermometroc suitability of a particular chemical reaction as a candidate for a thermometric titration procedure can generally be predicted on the basis of the estimated amount of analyte present in the sample and the enthalpy of the reaction. Alternatively, anionic surfactants such as sodium lauryl sulfate can be titrated with cetyl pyridinium chloride.

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