Environmental opportunities Beaches – the iconic and crowded beaches of Copacabana, Ipanema and Leblon face the Atlantic and are flanked by mountains in the background. Electromagnetism — Test it! Cities — London and Curitiba Water on the Land — Favelas create their own economies, and recent improvements have allowed shops and restaurants to develop. They are forced to build temporary accommodation in spontaneous settlements.

Favelas create their own economies, and recent improvements have allowed shops and restaurants to develop. Tourism Tourism — Remember it! Some buildings are three and four stories tall and almost all houses have basic sanitation, plumbing, and electricity. What Went Wrong for the League of Nations? Remember it, Test it! Waste disposal – a particular problem in the favelas, where there is no organised sewage or waste recovery systems.

They are found mainly on the edges of the city, on poor quality land that is not suitable for urban development.

rocinha case study gcse geography

The city cannot grow because of physical factors – there are mountains to the north and west, and sea to the south and east. The Big Questions France, Genetic Diversity Genetic diversity — Remember it! The Variety of Living Organisms Organism variation: Apartments are very exclusive and cater for the wealthy workers of the Caxe.

Economic opportunities Industry – Rio is a major trading port, with important oil refining and ship-building industries. There are few schools in the favelas. Natural Grography is one reason for its growth this is when the birth rate is higher than the death rate. Squatter camps are often built on rubbish dumps and have little or no casd.


Favelas are located on the edge of most major Brazilian cities. Millions of people have been forced to construct their own homes from scrap materials such as wood, corrugated iron and metals.

What further explanations of criminal behaviour are there? The population of Rio de Janeiro has grown for a number of reasons.

rocinha case study gcse geography

Headquarters of major industries are located here, including Petrobras energy companyVale mining company and Grupo Globa telecommunications. Natural increase is one cause of increased population, but migration is the major factor.

Favelas create their own economies, and recent improvements have allowed shops and restaurants to develop.

Quality Developing Effective Operations: Many have built new houses of brick and tile, and have set up their own shops and small industries to earn money. The settlements are usually very overcrowded. Huge numbers of people have moved from countryside areas into the city, mainly in search of jobs.

Firstly, this is the only available land to build on within the city limits. Street crime is a problem in the tourist areas, although pacification has recently started to improve crime rates. Some use their homes as shops, or to provide services such as hairdressers.


Rio De Janeiro – Rocinha

Employment – there are few job opportunities in the favelas. Therefore there is no electricity, no rubbish collection, no schools and no hospitals. However even arranging refuse collection can be difficult.

Three main features of a shanty studdy are: Hundreds of immigrants arrive in Rio each day.

Management of urban change – Revision 10 – Higher Geography – BBC Bitesize

The area has long been associated with crime and drugs. Many new migrants to cities in LEDCs cannot afford housing.

Organised crime and gang violence are also common. Push factors driving people away from the countryside include: Buses and trams provide public transport for the residents, and the city has two subway lines.

rocinha case study gcse geography

Light and Sound — Test it! What Went Wrong for the League of Nations?

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